Extended Character Sets

All alphanumeric characters (A to Z and 0 through 9) and many symbols will display on a web page simply by typing them in. Several characters including some European language symbols and accents require that their decimal equivalent be entered to display the character properly on the page. An example is the less than (<) and greater than (>) symbol which is used to define tags. In order to use these symbols a developer must add them using their decimal equivalent or HTML special entity reference. To enter a symbol from the extended character set begin with an AND symbol (&) and end with a Semicolon (;). An example would be &#160; or &nbsp; which would both place a single space in that spot that you place this entry.

The UNICODE character sets have set out to provide a universal method to describe all known character sets including all currently used written languages, all historical languages, all commonly used symbols as well as some other characters from literature. It includes the capacity for future expansion as well.

The following table contains the ISO Latin-1 single byte character set. The table describes each character, its decimal code, and its special entity reference for HTML, as well as providing a brief description. Either the decimal code or the HTML reference can be used.

ISO Latin-1 Character Set

Symbol
HTML
Name
Description
NUL
&#000;
 
Null char
SOH
&#001;
 
Start of Heading
STX
&#002;
 
Start of Text
ETX
&#003;
 
End of Text
EOT
&#004;
 
End of Transmission
ENQ
&#005;
 
Enquiry
ACK
&#006;
 
Acknowledgment
BEL
&#007;
 
Bell
BS
&#008;
 
Back Space
HT
&#009;
 
Horizontal Tab
LF
&#010;
 
Line Feed
VT
&#011;
 
Vertical Tab
FF
&#012;
 
Form Feed
CR
&#013;
 
Carriage Return
SO
&#014;
 
Shift Out / X-On
SI
&#015;
 
Shift In / X-Off
DLE
&#016;
 
Data Line Escape
DC1
&#017;
 
Device Control 1 (oft. XON)
DC2
&#018;
 
Device Control 2
DC3
&#019;
 
Device Control 3 (oft. XOFF)
DC4
&#020;
 
Device Control 4
NAK
&#021;
 
Negative Acknowledgement
SYN
&#022;
 
Synchronous Idle
ETB
&#023;
 
End of Transmit Block
CAN
&#024;
 
Cancel
EM
&#025;
 
End of Medium
SUB
&#026;
 
Substitute
ESC
&#027;
 
Escape
FS
&#028;
 
File Separator
GS
&#029;
 
Group Separator
RS
&#030;
 
Record Separator
US
&#031;
 
Unit Separator
 
&#32;
 
Space
!
&#33;
 
Exclamation mark
"
&#34;
&quot;
Double quotes (or speech marks)
#
&#35;
 
Number
$
&#36;
 
Dollar
%
&#37;
 
Per cent sign
&
&#38;
&amp;
Ampersand
'
&#39;
 
Single quote
(
&#40;
 
Open parenthesis (or open bracket)
)
&#41;
 
Close parenthesis (or close bracket)
*
&#42;
 
Asterisk
0
&#43;
 
Plus
,
&#44;
 
Comma
-0
&#45;
 
Hyphen
0
&#46;
 
Period, dot or full stop
/
&#47;
 
Slash or divide
0
&#48;
 
Zero
1
&#49;
 
One
2
&#50;
 
Two
3
&#51;
 
Three
4
&#52;
 
Four
5
&#53;
 
Five
6
&#54;
 
Six
7
&#55;
 
Seven
8
&#56;
 
Eight
9
&#57;
 
Nine
:
&#58;
 
Colon
;
&#59;
 
Semicolon
<
&#60;
&lt;
Less than (or open angled bracket)
=
&#61;
 
Equals
>
&#62;
&gt;
Greater than (or close angled bracket)
?
&#63;
 
Question mark
@
&#64;
 
At symbol
A
&#65;
 
Uppercase A
B
&#66;
 
Uppercase B
C
&#67;
 
Uppercase C
D
&#68;
 
Uppercase D
E
&#69;
 
Uppercase E
F
&#70;
 
Uppercase F
G
&#71;
 
Uppercase G
H
&#72;
 
Uppercase H
I
&#73;
 
Uppercase I
J
&#74;
 
Uppercase J
K
&#75;
 
Uppercase K
L
&#76;
 
Uppercase L
M
&#77;
 
Uppercase M
N
&#78;
 
Uppercase N
O
&#79;
 
Uppercase O
P
&#80;
 
Uppercase P
Q
&#81;
 
Uppercase Q
R
&#82;
 
Uppercase R
S
&#83;
 
Uppercase S
T
&#84;
 
Uppercase T
U
&#85;
 
Uppercase U
V
&#86;
 
Uppercase V
W
&#87;
 
Uppercase W
X
&#88;
 
Uppercase X
Y
&#89;
 
Uppercase Y
Z
&#90;
 
Uppercase Z
[
&#91;
 
Opening bracket
\
&#92;
 
Backslash
]
&#93;
 
Closing bracket
^
&#94;
 
Caret - circumflex
_
&#95;
 
Underscore
`
&#96;
 
Grave accent
a
&#97;
 
Lowercase a
b
&#98;
 
Lowercase b
c
&#99;
 
Lowercase c
d
&#100;
 
Lowercase d
e
&#101;
 
Lowercase e
f
&#102;
 
Lowercase f
g
&#103;
 
Lowercase g
h
&#104;
 
Lowercase h
i
&#105;
 
Lowercase i
j
&#106;
 
Lowercase j
k
&#107;
 
Lowercase k
l
&#108;
 
Lowercase l
m
&#109;
 
Lowercase m
n
&#110;
 
Lowercase n
o
&#111;
 
Lowercase o
p
&#112;
 
Lowercase p
q
&#113;
 
Lowercase q
r
&#114;
 
Lowercase r
s
&#115;
 
Lowercase s
t
&#116;
 
Lowercase t
u
&#117;
 
Lowercase u
v
&#118;
 
Lowercase v
w
&#119;
 
Lowercase w
x
&#120;
 
Lowercase x
y
&#121;
 
Lowercase y
z
&#122;
 
Lowercase z
{
&#123;
 
Opening brace
|
&#124;
 
Vertical bar
}
&#125;
 
Closing brace
~
&#126;
 
Equivalency sign - tilde
 
&#127;
 
Delete
&#128;
&euro;
Euro sign
 
 
 
 
&#130;
&sbquo;
Single low-9 quotation mark
ƒ
&#131;
&fnof;
Latin small letter f with hook
&#132;
&bdquo;
Double low-9 quotation mark
&#133;
&hellip;
Horizontal ellipsis
&#134;
&dagger;
Dagger
&#135;
&Dagger;
Double dagger
ˆ
&#136;
&circ;
Modifier letter circumflex accent
&#137;
&permil;
Per mille sign
Š
&#138;
&Scaron;
Latin capital letter S with caron
&#139;
&lsaquo;
Single left-pointing angle quotation
Œ
&#140;
&OElig;
Latin capital ligature OE
 
 
 
 
Ž
&#142;
 
Latin capital letter Z with caron
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
&#145;
&lsquo;
Left single quotation mark
&#146;
&rsquo;
Right single quotation mark
&#147;
&ldquo;
Left double quotation mark
&#148;
&rdquo;
Right double quotation mark
&#149;
&bull;
Bullet
&#150;
&ndash;
En dash
&#151;
&mdash;
Em dash
˜
&#152;
&tilde;
Small tilde
&#153;
&trade;
Trade mark sign
š
&#154;
&scaron;
Latin small letter S with caron
&#155;
&rsaquo;
Single right-pointing angle quotation mark
œ
&#156;
&oelig;
Latin small ligature oe
 
 
 
 
ž
&#158;
 
Latin small letter z with caron
Ÿ
&#159;
&Yuml;
Latin capital letter Y with diaeresis
 
&#160;
&nbsp;
Non-breaking space
¡
&#161;
&iexcl;
Inverted exclamation mark
¢
&#162;
&cent;
Cent sign
£
&#163;
&pound;
Pound sign
¤
&#164;
&curren;
Currency sign
¥
&#165;
&yen;
Yen sign
¦
&#166;
&brvbar;
Pipe, Broken vertical bar
§
&#167;
&sect;
Section sign
¨
&#168;
&uml;
Spacing diaeresis - umlaut
©
&#169;
&copy;
Copyright sign
ª
&#170;
&ordf;
Feminine ordinal indicator
«
&#171;
&laquo;
Left double angle quotes
¬
&#172;
&not;
Not sign
­
&#173;
&shy;
Soft hyphen
®
&#174;
&reg;
Registered trade mark sign
¯
&#175;
&macr;
Spacing macron - overline
°
&#176;
&deg;
Degree sign
±
&#177;
&plusmn;
Plus-or-minus sign
²
&#178;
&sup2;
Superscript two - squared
³
&#179;
&sup3;
Superscript three - cubed
´
&#180;
&acute;
Acute accent - spacing acute
µ
&#181;
&micro;
Micro sign
&#182;
&para;
Pilcrow sign - paragraph sign
·
&#183;
&middot;
Middle dot - Georgian comma
¸
&#184;
&cedil;
Spacing cedilla
¹
&#185;
&sup1;
Superscript one
º
&#186;
&ordm;
Masculine ordinal indicator
»
&#187;
&raquo;
Right double angle quotes
¼
&#188;
&frac14;
Fraction one quarter
½
&#189;
&frac12;
Fraction one half
¾
&#190;
&frac34;
Fraction three quarters
¿
&#191;
&iquest;
Inverted question mark
À
&#192;
&Agrave;
Latin capital letter A with grave
Á
&#193;
&Aacute;
Latin capital letter A with acute
Â
&#194;
&Acirc;
Latin capital letter A with circumflex
Ã
&#195;
&Atilde;
Latin capital letter A with tilde
Ä
&#196;
&Auml;
Latin capital letter A with diaeresis
Å
&#197;
&Aring;
Latin capital letter A with ring above
Æ
&#198;
&AElig;
Latin capital letter AE
Ç
&#199;
&Ccedil;
Latin capital letter C with cedilla
È
&#200;
&Egrave;
Latin capital letter E with grave
É
&#201;
&Eacute;
Latin capital letter E with acute
Ê
&#202;
&Ecirc;
Latin capital letter E with circumflex
Ë
&#203;
&Euml;
Latin capital letter E with diaeresis
Ì
&#204;
&Igrave;
Latin capital letter I with grave
Í
&#205;
&Iacute;
Latin capital letter I with acute
Î
&#206;
&Icirc;
Latin capital letter I with circumflex
Ï
&#207;
&Iuml;
Latin capital letter I with diaeresis
Ð
&#208;
&ETH;
Latin capital letter ETH
Ñ
&#209;
&Ntilde;
Latin capital letter N with tilde
Ò
&#210;
&Ograve;
Latin capital letter O with grave
Ó
&#211;
&Oacute;
Latin capital letter O with acute
Ô
&#212;
&Ocirc;
Latin capital letter O with circumflex
Õ
&#213;
&Otilde;
Latin capital letter O with tilde
Ö
&#214;
&Ouml;
Latin capital letter O with diaeresis
×
&#215;
&times;
Multiplication sign
Ø
&#216;
&Oslash;
Latin capital letter O with slash
Ù
&#217;
&Ugrave;
Latin capital letter U with grave
Ú
&#218;
&Uacute;
Latin capital letter U with acute
Û
&#219;
&Ucirc;
Latin capital letter U with circumflex
Ü
&#220;
&Uuml;
Latin capital letter U with diaeresis
Ý
&#221;
&Yacute;
Latin capital letter Y with acute
Þ
&#222;
&THORN;
Latin capital letter THORN
ß
&#223;
&szlig;
Latin small letter sharp s - ess-zed
à
&#224;
&agrave;
Latin small letter a with grave
á
&#225;
&aacute;
Latin small letter a with acute
â
&#226;
&acirc;
Latin small letter a with circumflex
ã
&#227;
&atilde;
Latin small letter a with tilde
ä
&#228;
&auml;
Latin small letter a with diaeresis
å
&#229;
&aring;
Latin small letter a with ring above
æ
&#230;
&aelig;
Latin small letter ae
ç
&#231;
&ccedil;
Latin small letter c with cedilla
è
&#232;
&egrave;
Latin small letter e with grave
é
&#233;
&eacute;
Latin small letter e with acute
ê
&#234;
&ecirc;
Latin small letter e with circumflex
ë
&#235;
&euml;
Latin small letter e with diaeresis
ì
&#236;
&igrave;
Latin small letter i with grave
í
&#237;
&iacute;
Latin small letter i with acute
î
&#238;
&icirc;
Latin small letter i with circumflex
ï
&#239;
&iuml;
Latin small letter i with diaeresis
ð
&#240;
&eth;
Latin small letter eth
ñ
&#241;
&ntilde;
Latin small letter n with tilde
ò
&#242;
&ograve;
Latin small letter o with grave
ó
&#243;
&oacute;
Latin small letter o with acute
ô
&#244;
&ocirc;
Latin small letter o with circumflex
õ
&#245;
&otilde;
Latin small letter o with tilde
ö
&#246;
&ouml;
Latin small letter o with diaeresis
÷
&#247;
&divide;
Division sign
ø
&#248;
&oslash;
Latin small letter o with slash
ù
&#249;
&ugrave;
Latin small letter u with grave
ú
&#250;
&uacute;
Latin small letter u with acute
û
&#251;
&ucirc;
Latin small letter u with circumflex
ü
&#252;
&uuml;
Latin small letter u with diaeresis
ý
&#253;
&yacute;
Latin small letter y with acute
þ
&#254;
&thorn;
Latin small letter thorn
ÿ
&#255;
&yuml;
Latin small letter y with diaeresis

Last updated: February 17, 2021